Between Power and Spirit: Sacred Spaces in Ancient Peru
The Incas created an eloquent spatial vocabulary in their remarkable stone architecture. Joseph Hines draws on background in archaeology and environmental design in exploring Inca sites as expressive and interactive architecture. This study and exhibit of seventeen photo selections was funded by a grant from the Tannahill Faculty Enrichment Fund at the College for Creative Studies
in Detroit.

Exhibit produced and written by Joseph Hines, and presented at the University of Michigan Museum of Natural History,
Ann Arbor, Michigan.

The Inca Trail approaches Machu Picchu in exquisite interplay with the human-made and natural lines of terraces and mountains. This trail would have framed the processional approach to the sacred city, here just beginning to emerge into view in the distance. As in sacred geography elsewhere in the world – Delphi, Kyoto – human movement through time and space is given profound meaning and focus by architecture. (Exhibit label)

Overlooking the Inca capital city of Cuzco is this most powerful of all Inca fortresses. In the plaza in front of these walls were held important religious ceremonies at the time of the winter solstice. The three colossal walls zig-zag around the top of the mountain and would have formed a confusing and vulnerable maze for intruders. (Exhibit label) .

Access to the heights of this site is restricted by cliffs and by steep terraces and stairways. Like many Inca settlements, this fortress was built on top of a mountain spur with sight-lines down valleys in different directions. Power was maintained by being able to see approaching hostile armies. Spirit was maintained by views of nearby sacred mountain peaks and views of the sun and weather. (Exhibit label)